Tuesday, 19 June 2018

What is Nipah Virus (NiV), Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

What is Nipah Virus Infection (NiV)?

As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), Nipah Virus is an emergent paramyxovirus which causes disease in both animals and humans. This virus was first recognised in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998.

It was first and foremost caused in fruit bats and pigs and through them got conveyed to humans. It is thought that eating fruits or fruit products (such as raw date palm juice) polluted with urine or saliva from an infected fruit bat can cause the NiV infection in humans. Nipah Virus decayed as many as 265 people then, out of which 50 per cent were taken under crucial care due to the infection having stretched out pressingly.

The Nipah virus (NiV) can be carried through infected bats, pigs or humans who have been infected. In 2004, humans who had taken the date palm sap contaminated by fruit bats, caught the virus. Humans who were infected by other humans were reported in Bangladesh and India.

Nipah Virus Signs and Symptoms:

Health officials say that Nipah Virus is an airborne transmission disease (transmitted through the air when people sneeze, cough, laugh, or exhale) and can spread those who come in direct contact with contaminated bodies.

NiV is is commonly connected with inflammation of the brain tissue due to which severe days of viral fever can usually lead to a state of mental confusion, disorientation, drowsiness and even unconsciousness. If proper care is not taken, these symptoms can even cause a coma in a period of 24-48 hours. Nipah infected patients would show neurological, respiratory and pulmonary signs as well. For this reason, do not neglect if you notice any of the above signs or symptoms.

Some Common NiV signs and symptoms are fever with headache, nausea, dizziness, tiredness and mental illness such as uncertainty. These signs can last up to 7-10 days. Watching out for respiratory infections during the initial stages is also a must.

The symptoms usually may take four to 14 days to appear after someone becomes infected with NiV. The early signs of illness are unclear and can actually be confused with that of viral fever and general cold. And you would not believe, more than 60 per cent of this virus in humans comes from animals.

Prevention and Treatment for Nipah Virus:

At present, there is no cure and no appropriate vaccine available to treat Nipah Virus. The only best way and primary treatment for this virus in humans is intensive supportive care.

Avoid drinking date palm sap some time, especially blended in open containers near palm trees. Through consuming raw date palm sap bite by a bat can also cause NiV

  • Avoid eating pork and fruits sourced from infected areas
  • Avoid exposure to sick pigs and bats in areas where the virus is already prevalent
  • Avoid long distance travelling when you experience any signs like fever, loss of consciousness. 
  • If you notice any initial symptoms, report immediately to the doctor
  • To minimize your risk of infection, maintain a good level of personal hygiene
  • Isolate the sufferer if the infection gets identified to prevent the transmission.
  • Use proper mask, cape and gloves while nursing the patients infected with NiV

Tuesday, 12 June 2018

Biotin-Rich Foods for Better Health and Healthy Hair

Biotin-Rich Foods

Biotin is an important B vitamin which is water-soluble vitamin. It works as essential nutrient that helps in the metabolic process to break down protein, carbohydrates, fats and proteins. The vitamin also important for developing strong nails, healthy hair, skin and well-functioning liver.

You can even purchase biotin supplements in health food stores and at the pharmacy, but you can also increase your biotin intake through your diet. Biotin can be found in many foods that are high in protein, such as meat, dairy products and vegetables. Listed below a list of foods that contain biotin.

Nuts and Seeds:

Biotin content differ with the type of nut or seed, but these type of foods are in general a good source of the vitamin. Almonds that are raw, salted, or roasted contains high levels of biotin. Nuts and seeds also contain other nutrients, including vitamin E, which also benefit skin and hair health. Biotin can also be found in soybeans, peanuts, green beans, walnuts, and pecans. Having a handful of almonds as a snack will give you protein and vitamin E in addition to a biotin boost.


Eggs are great source of biotin and proteins. Egg yolks contain biotin, with one whole boiled egg provides up to 10 mcg. For maximum biotin consumption, egg yolks should be always cooked before they are consumed, despite the fact that heat preparation will decrease the amount of biotin you’re getting. Because of the function biotin serves in the development of an embryo, it makes sense that egg yolks are one of the most biotin-rich things you can eat.


Cauliflower is loaded with healthy nutrients one of which is biotin, A raw cauliflower contains 17 micro grams of biotin per serving. That’s a lot when you consider that most healthy Americans get between 100 and 300 micro grams of biotin each day. Since biotin is water-soluble, eat cauliflower raw to get the maximum nutritional benefit. Try slow-roasting it in the oven, or get creative and rice your cauliflower when you prepare it.

Try to eat raw cauliflower to get the maximum nutritional benefit.
Mix it in a food processor until it resembles breadcrumbs and slow-roast it in the oven, or get creative and rice your cauliflower when you prepare it.
Add to salads or mix into cooked grains to make a pilaf.


Mushrooms are high in biotin, nutrients and minerals. Biotin content of mushrooms protect them from parasites and predators as they grow. Mushrooms are great food to consume as they can help you prevent diabetes, heart health, obesity, cancer, and improve immune system. In addition, having more kinds of mushrooms will develop your hair, skin, and health. There are multiple ways to consume mushrooms through your lunch or dinner

Just saute mushrooms with onions
Include in soups
Add grilled mushrooms on sandwiches to taste
Try sliced mushrooms in a spinach salad, add some boiled egg yolks and almonds tossed in it
Fill mushrooms with other foods bake them


Generally fruits are not a very good source of biotin, but Bananas are an exception. Bananas are known for their potassium levels and the ability to offer instant energy when needed. They also contain fiber, potassium, manganese, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and vitamins A, C, and B6.

Add bananas to your breakfast or slice them and add to your smoothie.